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Chinese Culture

Chinese, Health and Medicine

Beijing Travel Guide logo (China).

Note : this section will be expanded over the coming months.

Health

Chinese Medicine

In all its forms, chinese medicine is holistic - it considers the whole body (and mind). It sees diseases as symptoms of lack of balance in some aspect of the whole and seeks to bring the body back to harmony. When the father of western medicine, Hypocrates, declared 'Let food be your medicine', he was very much in line with chinese thinking. However, science, with its focus on reductionist logic, has led to a reliance on drugs which are intended to be direct fixes but which actually often further disturb the body's carefully balanced systems producing side effects. Further, drug-based medicine often addresses only symptoms and not underlying causes. Actually the word disease simply means 'not at ease').

Exercise

In China, exercise is everwhere - an important part of chinese culture through the philosophical foundations of chinese thought that emphasise the harmony of body and mind. Hence, exercise is not just exercise in the western sense, often it involves a spiritual or mental side as in the martial arts and QiGong. Balance (control) and suppleness are prized as much, if not more, than strength and stamina. This is seen beautifully in chinese acrobatics.

The primarary concept in the spitual / mental dimension to native Chinese exercises is to achieve harmony of one's Qi. Qi is the flow of energy or lifeforce in the body, heaven and all living things - an ancient Taoist notion.

Schoolchildren, and many workers, begin the day with 15 minutes of exercise.

Ping Pong

Although the name sounds Chinese, 'Ping Pong' probably was coined because of the sound the ball makes when hit near and far (by oneself and your opponent). The exact origins are obscure but Ping Pong (Table Tennis) has been poular across the world, especially so in China, Japan and Korea.

China has had great success internationally at Ping Pong but it is its popularity among ordinary people that has given it a place in Chinese Culture. Ping Pong tables are commonly found in parks and other outdoor spaces. If you stop to have a look you may well be invited to a game!

Chinese Inventions

Chinese Language

The Three Pillars of Chinese Philosophy
Taoism
Confucianism
Buddhism

Other Philosophical Idea
Qi
Yin Yang
I Ching
Five Elements
Feng Shui

Other Ancient Cultural Aspects
Dragon and Pheonix
Numbers

The Three Bases of the Arts
Calligraphy
Music
Poetry

Chinese Opera

Tea, Food and Dining

Health
Chinese Medicine
Exercise
Ping Pong

Chinese Materials
Bronze
Lacquer
Porcelain
Silk
Jade

Arts and Crafts
Seals
Cloisonne
Paper Cuts
Kites

Architecture

Garden Arts

Trade and Modernity

Place Names


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